To understand man as a system is necessary to formulate the basic concepts of an axiomatic system theory with which man can be studied and described.

Basic definitions
First, we need to clarify what we will mean by the term component of a system.
System components possess properties, which properties enter into relationship with each other.
e1(a1,b1,c1), e2(a2,b2,c2)
е1е2(а1а2,b1b2,c1c2)
Change one of the properties can lead to change in the relations of elements with other elements, and the change of relationship can lead to changes of properties of related elements. These changes in the properties of elements and their relationships that lead to changes in the properties of the entire system we will call system functions.
FS(∆e1 e2 →∆eS(aS,bS,cS))
It is possible that different elements and relationships to have a common system function. Therefore, they form a common system class that we will call component of a system.
CS(e1(FS), e2(FS))
Let us now look at the particular components of objectivity, definition and energy.
Objectivity component contains those system functions that prevent two elements within the system to coincide in time and space, and the system as a whole not to coincide with another system.
О(e1(FО), e2(FО)) where FO(≠e1 e2)
Energy component contains those system functions that implement the movement of the system and its elements in time and space.
Е(e1(FЕ), e2(FЕ)) where FЕ(∆e1 e2)
Definition Component, or in other words information, contains those system functions that implement the algorithm, the sequence of change of properties of elements and their relationships in time and space.
I(e1(FI), e2(FI)) където FI(->e1e2)
Each of these three components, sets some parameters of the other two, and thus controls an aspect of a space-time continuum of the system.
I will not go into reflections that are more detailed on this important aspect of the theory, but it can be said that energy, objectivity and information are the three major forms of the space-time continuum, as in physics presented as energy, mass and momentum.
However, how the formulation of these three basic components of each system would help in overcoming the problems in the general theory of systems? First, they are giving us the basis of a new system classification that shows the differences between the undead, living and reasoning systems.

Thermodynamic (undead) systems
The simplest type of component structure of a system is when the three components are represented by a single element of the system:
OEI(e1)
or when each element of the system belongs to all three components:
S{ OEI(e1), OEI(e2), OEI(e3)…… OEI(eN)}
For these systems is essential the fact that the change of properties of a component is distributed among all the elements, since each element defined in the same way three spatial-temporal components of the system. This is reflected in the law of conservation of energy, momentum and substance. A direct consequence of this is that if the system is closed (no new objects from the environment interact with the elements of the system) the values of spatial temporal components expressed in each cell tend to flare, which represents the entropy. If the system interacts with another system, the energy information and the objectivity of the other system is “memorized” by the elements of each of the interacting systems.
The chaos theory assumes that just thermodynamic systems “remember” their previous state. The question is what should understand as “remember”? When we have a structure as a crystalline solid, obviously we have such a process of remembering, but what happens in gases and liquids, where there are randomly moving molecules? From the viewpoint of classical physics, their movement is unpredictable and therefore random, therefore, impossible to carry information about its previous state. If we look, however, each non-living system in terms of its system-forming principle, namely that the three components of the system are distributed in each of its elements, we will find the following:

  • This is pointless to consider the movement of elements of the system outside the general state of the system. By themselves, they do not represent the system as a whole, therefore their condition should be remembered by the system and they do not have to remember its state.
  • The general system property that all the elements in a gas system have, is the degree of their oscillation, which sets the temperature of the system as its main energy parameter.
  • Therefore, the temperature of the system should “remember” and this can be seen very well in the heat exchange between two bodies: their final temperature is always function of their initial temperatures and masses, which is totally predictable and natural process.

Another example can be the vortices in a gas environment when it receives energy. Behavior of gas molecules is unpredictable, but in fact, the behavior of the system as a whole is completely predictable – the total momentum of the gas flow is determined by the vector pulse of force applied by the other system.
The most important thing is to understand that the reason for this behavior of thermodynamic systems is the coincidence of the three components of any system in each of the elements of the system. Accordingly, the change of the energy of the system will lead to and change of the system information but such dependence is reverse. Increasing the energy of the system decreases its orderliness and vice versa: reducing the energy its orderliness grow. However, since the thermodynamic systems the three components coincide, it is impossible to change only the information and thus control to energy iteself. Thus thermodynamic systems are changed symmetrically in time and space (entropy).

Organic (living) systems
The second possible type of space-time component structure of a system is when the energy and the Information components are represented by different elements:
S{ OE(e1), OI(e2)}
Particularity of this case is that the object component is represented by all elements of the system, but some elements are part only of the energy component, while others are part only of information component. Therefore, a change of properties of elements of the energy component will lead to changes in the energy properties of the entire system, and the change of properties of element of the information component will alter the properties of the information throughout the system. If we consider, however, a change of properties of the energy component we will see that change itself has limits set by the data component. These limits represent energy levels, in which the energy component is capable to perform its functions. On the other hand, if we look at the change in the properties of the data component, we will see that the change itself has limits set by the energy balance of the system. These limits represent data flow diagram of the system by which it is possible the information component to perform its functions. In other words, data component can only assign a certain amount of system power.
Thus, organic systems behave oppositely to thermodynamic. Upon receipt of information or energy from the environment, they tend to retain a certain range. Therefore, the organic systems are homeostatic, but their homeostasis is asymmetrical as information and energy are unevenly distributed between the elements in contrast to the thermodynamic system. This type of asymmetric homeostasis leads to the most important distinctive properties of organic systems – feeding and reproduction. The system needs a continuous flow of energy from outside, as the elemental nature of all elements of the system is thermodynamic and they strive to entropy equilibrium with the environment of the system: their own energy will decrease and they will not be able to carry out their system functions if there is no energy inflow. On the other hand, the flow of elements of external thermodynamic systems leads under certain conditions to increase elemental basis of the energy component. Since it was set by the information component only within certain limits, the excess will lead to a doubling, replication of the system if the incoming energy is twice more than value set by the information component.
Here we will only note the strong resemblance from a systemic perspective that exists between quanta energies exchanged between elementary particles and the process of division in organic systems. This similarity is not accidental, since it stems from the fundamental properties of the information component as a form of space-time continuum. We will elaborate further on this in another article.
Of course, the biggest question is how the living systems have arisen. The question is not to describe in one way or another their genesis, but to explain the systematic logic that led to the transformation of the undead in living systems.
In terms of system component approach, the emergence of living systems is a process in which the element of non-living system asymmetrically has excluded from yourself energy or information components. In non-living systems, as we said above, each element of the system is both a carrier and the three components – object, information and energy. At one point, however, they separated without damaging the system as whole.

Reasoning Systems
The third possible type of space-time component structure of a system is when the energy, the information and object component are represented by different elements:
S{ E(e1), I(e2), O(e3),}
The specific thing here is that for the first time the object component is represented by elements other than information and energy components. In organic systems, the information and energy components represented also a kind of properties of the object component. However, what if all components are emancipated units in the same system? The question that arises is how the elements of information and energy components will have at the same time systematic objectivity, if the object components are represented by other elements. In other words, this issue is about the substrate of the information and energy components.
If the energy component is not presented as a property of the elements constituting the object components of a system, the only way they to exist as such are to use as substrate elements from other systems: thermodynamic or organic. Therefore, we have two classes of elements there: some of them belong to the system itself that represent its substrate, and other elements responsible for the energy of the system that belong to other external systems. Both classes of elements must, however, be engaged in the same system, and this is because of functions of the information component. Nevertheless, how is it possible the information component to unite object and energy components, which elements are coming from different systems? This will be possible if they are properties of one relation. In other words, the information component is represented by the relationship between energy and object components. For the first time we have system elements of one component, which has no substantive but relational nature. Therefore, the general formula of a reasoning system is the following:
S{ E(e1), I(e1 e3), O(e3)}
The consequence of this is that reasoning systems have different behavior of thermodynamic and organic systems.
If the energy component is represented by the elements of external systems, the change of the information component will alter the environment in a way that it is asymmetrical to the impact of the environment. Thus, the input of energy into the system can match the amount of output energy, but the output information will be greater than that at the input.
On the other hand, the change of the information component will lead to a change in the object component. Later we will discuss in detail in this systematic process. Here we only need to note that as far as the information component has a relational nature, the change of object components will cause back change the information, and hence change the energy component. Thus, reasoning system by definition has unbalanced asymmetric system design thanks to the relational nature of its information component.

The Nature of Reason
Further, we will consider in more detail each of the components of a reasoning system. This is a question about the individual identity of every one of us, about the institutions that govern our lives, and about the technologies we use.

Jordan Yankov

Jordan Yankov

Project Founder and Manager

Jordan Yankov works as a consultant for development of different types of power generation projects, energy planning and development. Jordan has experience as manager in advertising, multimedia, marketing and technology projects. He has graduated philosophy but he never persuaded an academic carrier. Despite that, he maintained his strong interests in fundamental sciences, philosophy and social problems. For several years, he helped d-r Ivan Punchev in his efforts to develop non-classic dialectical logic in mathematical form. As a result, he elaborated his own ideas in the fields of fundamental sciences, artificial intelligence and social prognoses. All of this inspired him to start The Human Future Project as an ongoing streamlined effort to create new paradigm for understanding of the human nature.